A cystoscopy is a procedure that allows the doctor to examine the urethra and the lining of the bladder. This procedure may be performed under sedation on an outpatient basis, in a hospital under general anesthesia, or in a clinic with local anesthetic. During the procedure, the doctor inserts a hollow tube with a lens on the end through the urethra and into the bladder.
The purpose of a cystoscopy is to look for abnormalities in the urethra and bladder. The doctors at Urology Associates Medical Group may order this procedure to:
Most cystoscopy procedures will be complete within 30 minutes. If the procedure is performed under local anesthetic, it may be much shorter. Before the procedure, the patient will empty their bladder and lie on their back with their feet in stirrups. After anesthetic is administered, the doctor will insert the cystoscope and slowly advance it to the bladder. During this process, the doctor will examine the urethra and bladder to look for abnormalities. He may also fill the bladder with a sterile solution to make the examination easier. Depending on the situation, he may collect tissue samples before removing the cystoscope.
Most patients will be able to return home shortly after the procedure.
Serious complications from a cystoscopy are unlikely. However, some of the risks of a cystoscopy include pain, bleeding, and infection. Patients should report these problems to the doctor immediately if they develop.
The doctor may or may not notice abnormalities in the urethra or bladder during the procedure. The doctor will explain any irregularities after the procedure or at a follow-up appointment. The results of any biopsies taken may not be available for a few days. Depending on the results of the cystoscopy, the doctor may recommend treatment or order further testing.
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